UW Madison - Department of Counseling Psychology Faculty - William Hoyt

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Main Office

Department of
Counseling Psychology

School of Education
335 Education Building
1000 Bascom Mall
MadisonWI  53706-1326

Tel: 608/262-4807
Fax: 608/265-4174

Email: counpsych@education.wisc.edu
or by contact form

Bill Hoyt

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Bill Hoyt

Associate Dean of Health, Professor
Counseling Psychology (CP)

335 Education Building  binoculars icon
1000 Bascom Mall
Madison, WI 53706
Office: 608/262-0462
Fax: 608/265-3347


Curriculum Vitae

Personal Biography

Dr. Hoyt received his PhD from Virginia Commonwealth University in 1995, and came to Wisconsin in 1999. He has been Department Chair since September, 2014.


Ph D, Psychology
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, VA

MS, Psychology
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, VA

AB, Philosophy
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ

Teaching Interests

Research methods
Professional issues/ethics
Clinical supervision and training
Evidence-based practice

Scheduled Teaching

  • Spring 2016 - Research Methods II
    Course Prefix: 270, Course Number: 960, Minimum Credit Hours: 3, Course Level: Doctoral, Course Delivery Mode: Lecture/in-class lab
    Course Syllabus
  • Fall 2015 - Research on Individual Interventions
    Course Prefix: 270, Course Number: 951, Minimum Credit Hours: 3, Course Level: Doctoral, Course Delivery Mode: Seminar
    Course Syllabus
  • Fall 2015 - Research Practicum
    Course Prefix: 270, Course Number: 905, Minimum Credit Hours: 3, Course Level: Doctoral, Course Delivery Mode: Seminar
  • Spring 2015 - Research Methods in Counseling Psychology II
    Course Prefix: 270, Course Number: 960, Minimum Credit Hours: 3, Course Level: Doctoral, Course Delivery Mode: Seminar
    Course Syllabus
  • Summer 2015 - Topical Research in CP: Meta-Analysis
    Course Prefix: 270, Course Number: 954, Section: 001, Minimum Credit Hours: 3, Course Level: Doctoral, Course Delivery Mode: Seminar
    Course Syllabus

Research Interests

Research Methods and Measurement

Therapist effects and therapist competence

Social/clinical interface:
--Social determinants of psychological outcomes
--Dyadic phenomena in counseling interactions

Group dynamics and group counseling

Positive psychology theory and measurement:


  • Ramirez Stege, A., Brockberg, D., & Hoyt, W.T. (2017). Advocating for advocacy: An exploratory survey on student advocacy skills and training in Counseling Psychology. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. 11(3), 190-197.
    Online Publication/Abstract
  • Plante, D., & Hoyt, W.T. (2017). Outcomes of positive airway pressure for sleep apnea. Journal of the American Medical Association.
  • Byars-Winston, A., Diestelmann, J., Savoy, J.N., & Hoyt, W.T. (2017). Unique effects and moderators of effects of sources on self-efficacy: A model-based meta-analysis. 64, 645-658.
  • Ramirez Stege, A.M., Brockberg, D., & Hoyt, W.T. (2017). Advocating for advocacy: A survey on student advocacy skills and training in counseling psychology. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. 11, 190-197.
  • Turan, N., & Hoyt, W.T. (2016). Gender, attachment orientation, rumination, and symptomatic distress: Test of a moderated mediation model. Personality and Individual Differences. 102, 234-239.
  • Sun, S., Hoyt, W.T., Brockberg, D., Lam, J., & Tiwari, D. (2016). Acculturation and enculturation as predictors of help-seeking attitudes (HSAs) among racial and ethnic minorities: A meta-analytic investigation. Joutnal of Counseling Psychology. 63, 617-632.
  • Goldberg, S.B., Babins-Wagner, R., Rousmanier, T., Berziuns, S., Hoyt, W.T., & Wampold, B.E. (2016). Creating a climate for therapist improvement: A case study of an agency based on outcomes and deliberate practice. Psychotherapy. 53, 367-375.
  • Nissen-Lie, H., Goldberg, S.B., Hoyt, W.T., Falkenstrom, F., Holmqvist, R., Nielsen, S.L., & Wampold, B.E. (2016). Are therapists uniformly effective across patient outcome domains? A study on therapist effectiveness in two different treatment contex. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 63, 367-378.
  • Sun, S., Hoyt, W.T., & Zhao, J. (2016). Do received stereotypes about Asian clients apply to Chinese young adults? A survey of counselors in Chinese universities. Professional Psychology Research and Practice. 47, 38-45.
  • Roberts, T.S., Horne, S.G., & Hoyt, W.T. (2015). Between a gay and a straight place: Bisexual individuals’ experiences with monosexism. Journal of Bisexuality. 15, 554-569.
  • Griffin, B.J., Worthington, E.L., Lavelock, C.R., Wade, N.G., & Hoyt, W.T. (2015). Forgiveness and mental health. In L. Toussaint, E. L. Worthington, & Williams (Eds.), Forgiveness and health: Scientific evidence and theories relating forgiveness to better health, (pp. 77-89). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Goldberg, S.B., & Hoyt, W.T. (2015). Group as social microcosm: Within group interpersonal style is congruent with outside group relational tendencies. Psychotherapy. 52, 195-204.
  • Zoogman, S., Goldberg, S.B., Hoyt, W.T., & Miller, L. (2015). Mindfulness interventions with youth: A meta-analysis. Mindfulness. 6, 299-305.
  • Worthington, E.L., Wade, N.G., & Hoyt, W.T. (2015). Evidence-based practice in psychology: What psychotherapists can learn from research on treatment and psychotherapist responsiveness. In H. E. A. Tinsley, S. H. Lease, N. S. G. Wiersma (Eds.), Contemporary theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy., (pp. 58-88). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
  • Worthington Jr., E.L., Wade, N.G., & Hoyt, W.T. (2014). Positive psychological interventions for promoting forgiveness: Past, present, and future. In A. Parks (Eds.), The handbook of positive psychological interventions, (pp. XXX-XXX). New York, NY: Wiley.
  • Fischer, B., Hoyt, W.T., Maucieri, L., Carlsson, C., Kind, A., Hunt, G., Swader, T., & Gleason, C. (2014). Performance based assessment of falls risk in older veterans with executive dysfunction. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 51, 263-274.
  • Katz, A.D., & Hoyt, W.T. (2014). The influence of multicultural counseling competence and anti-Black prejudice on therapists’ outcome expectancies. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 61, 299-305.
  • Wade, N.G., Hoyt, W.T., Kidwell, J., & Worthington, E.L. (2014). Efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions to promote forgiveness: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.. 82, 154-170.
  • Kenny, D.A., & Hoyt, W.T. (2014). Multiple levels of analysis of psychotherapy research. In W. Lutz & S. Knox (Eds.), Quantitative and qualitative methods for psychotherapy research, (pp. 157-167). Taylor & Francis.
  • Goldberg, S.B., Davis, J., & Hoyt, W.T. (2013). The role of therapeutic alliance in mindfulness interventions: Therapeutic alliance in Mindfulness Training for Smoke. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 69(9), 936-950.
  • Multilevel modeling in R, using the nlme package [Computer Software].
    Online Publication/Abstract
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Mallinckrodt, B. (2012). Improving the quality of research in counseling psychology: Conceptual and methodological issues. In N. Fouad (Eds.), APA Handbook of Counseling Psychology, (pp. 59-91). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (2010). Interrater reliability and agreement. In G. R. Hancock & R. O. Mueller (Eds.), The reviewer’s guide to quantitative methods in the social sciences, (pp. 193-210). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Larson, D.G. (2010). What have we learned from research on grief counselling? A response to Schut (2010) and Neimeyer (2010). Bereavement Care. 29(1), 10-13.
  • Lakes, K.D., & Hoyt, W.T. (2009). Applications of generalizability theory to clinical child psychology research. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 144-165.
  • Kenny, D.A., & Hoyt, W.T. (2009). Multiple levels of analysis of psychotherapy research. Psychotherapy Research, 19, 462-468.
  • Lakes, K.D., & Hoyt, W.T. (2008). "What sources contribute to variance in test performance?": Using generalizability theory to assess construct validity of psychological measures. Infant and Child Development, 17, 269-284.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Larson, D.G. (2008). A realistic approach to drawing conclusions from the scientific literature: Response to Bonanno and Lilienfeld. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice,. 39, 378-379.
  • Hoyt, W.T., Chan, F., & Imel, Z.E. (2008). Multiple regression and correlation techniques: Recent controversies and best practices. Rehabilitation Psychology, 53, 321-339.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (2008). Paul E. Meehl. Encyclopedia of Counseling: Volume 2. Personal and Emotional Counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Bhati, K.S. (2007). Principles and practices: An empirical examination of qualitative research in the Journal of Counseling Psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 54, 201-210.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (2007). Rater bias in geneticaly informative research designs: Commentary on Bartels, Boomsma, Hudziak, van Beijsterveldt, and van den Oord. Psychological Methods, 12, 467-475.
  • Larson, D.G., & Hoyt, W.T. (2007). What has become of grief counseling? An evaluation of the empirical foundations of the new pessimism. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38, 347-355.
  • Hoyt, W.T., Leierer, S., & Millington, M.J. (2006). Analysis and interpretation of findings using multiple regression techniques. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 49, 223-233.
  • Hoyt, W.T., Warbasse, R.E., & Chu, E.Y. (2006). Construct validity in counseling psychology research. The Counseling Psychologist, pp. 769-805.
  • Rosenthal, D.A., Hoyt, W.T., Ferrin, M., Miller, S., & Cohen, N.D. (2006). Quantitative research synthesis: Applications of meta-analysis to rehabilitation counseling research. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 49, 234-246.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & McCullough, M.E. (2005). Issues in the multimodal measurement of forgiveness. In E.L. Worthington, Jr. (Eds.), Handbook of Forgiveness, (pp. 109-123). New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.
  • Tsang, J., McCullough, M.E., & Hoyt, W.T. (2005). Psychometric and rationalization accounts of the religion-forgiveness discrepancy. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 785-805.
  • Hoyt, W.T., Fincham, F., McCullough, M.E., Maio, G., & Davila, J. (2005). Responses to interpersonal transgressions in families: Forgivingness, forgivability, and relationship-specific effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 375-394.
  • Vannoy, S., & Hoyt, W.T. (2004). Evaluation of an anger therapy for incarcerated adult males. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 39, 39-57.
  • Lakes, K., & Hoyt, W.T. (2004). Promoting self-regulation through school-based martial arts training. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 25, 283-302.
  • Melby, J.N., Hoyt, W.T., & Bryant, C.M. (2003). A generalizability approach to assessing the effects of ethnicity and training on observer ratings of family interactions. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 171-189.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (2002). Bias in participant ratings of psychotherapy process: An initial generalizability study. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49, 35-46.
  • McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., & Larson, D.B. (2001). Small, robust, and important: Reply to Sloan and Bagiella (2001). Health Psychology, 20, 228-229.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (2000). Rater bias in psychological research: When is it a problem and what can we do about it? Psychological Methods, 5, 64-86.
  • McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G., & Thoresen, C. (2000). Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review. Health Psychology, 19, 211-222.
  • McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., & Rachal, K.C. (2000). What we know (and need to know) about assessing forgiveness constructs. In M.E. McCullough, K. Pargament & C. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice. New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Melby, J.N. (1999). Dependability of measurement in counseling: An introduction to generalizability theory. The Counseling Psychologist, 27, 325-352.
  • Allumbaugh, D.L., & Hoyt, W.T. (1999). Effectiveness of grief therapy: A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46, 370-380.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Kerns, M.D. (1999). Magnitude and moderators of bias in observer ratings: A meta-analysis. Psychological Methods, 4, 403-424.
  • Kalodner, C.R., Alfred, A.R., & Hoyt, W.T. (1997). Group research in applied settings: Examples and recommendations. Journal for Specialists in Group Work.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (1996). Antecedents and effects of perceived therapist credibility: A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43, 430-447.
  • Hoyt, W.T. (1994). Development and awareness of reputations in newly formed groups: A social relations analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 464-472.
  • Hoyt, W.T., Strong, S.R., Corcoran, J.L., & Robbins, S.B. (1993). Interpersonal influence in a single case of brief counseling: An analytic strategy and a comparison of two indexes of influence. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40, 166-181.
  • Strong, S.R., Welsh, J.A., Corcoran, J.L., & Hoyt, W.T. (1992). Social psychology and counseling psychology: History and promise of an interface. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39, 139-157.
  • Budge, S., Sinnard, M.T., & Hoyt, W.T. (in press). Longitudinal effects of psychotherapy with transgender and nonbinary clients: A randomized controlled pilot trial. Psychotherapy.
  • Goldberg, S.B., Hoyt, W.T., Nissen-Lie, H.A., Wampold, B.E., & L., S. (in press). Unpacking the therapist effect: Impact of treatment length differs for high- and low-performing therapists. Psychotherapy Research.
  • Hoyt, W.T., Warbasse, R.E., & Oleen-Junk, N. Decline of the causal steps test of mediation: An appraisal. Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Hoyt, W.T., & Del Re, A.C. Comparison of methods for aggregating dependent effect sizes in meta-analysis. Manuscript submitted for publication.


  • Hoyt, W.T., Presenter & Author, Wade, N.N., Author Only, Kidwell, J.E., Author Only, & Worthington, E.L., Author Only (2014, March 16). Forgiveness interventions for severe offenses: Meta-analytic evidence, Counseling Psychology Conference, Society of Counseling Psychology, Atlanta, GA.
  • Goldberg, S.B., Presenter & Author, Hoyt, W.T., Author Only, & Lindemann, A., Author Only (2013). Testing the social microcosm hypothesis: A social relations analysis of group perceptions, Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, Society for Psychotherapy Research, Memphis, TN.

Departmental Service

  • Department Chair, Counseling Psychology
    Dates of Membership: Aug. 2014 - Aug. 2017
    Accomplishments: Collaborated in expansion of department's diversity outreach mission; resolved structural deficit and revised summer instructional practices to comport with new budget model; oversaw development of collaborative master's instruction with RPSE; initiated revision of department review standards to align with mission; oversaw expansion of undergraduate instruction and collaboration on Health Promotion and Equity major.
  • Committee Chair. Period of Service: Aug. 2014 - Aug. 2017

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